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Economic Studies

Studies on our site:

CopperPoint Case Study

Discover how CopperPoint, a 555-employee company, indirectly supports 3,600 jobs and creates a half billion dollar impact on Arizona!

Procurement Matters

Local firm, Wist Office Products, generates nearly three times the economic impact as out-of-state competitor.

Local Works!

In western Michigan, a 10% shift of spending from chains to locally-owned businesses would create nearly $140 million in new economic activity, add over 1600 new jobs to the area, and provide over $50 million in new wages.

Your Local Dollars

CopperPoint Case Study

The Economic Impacts
of Buying Locally

CopperPoint, a 555-employee company, has a half billion dollar impact on Arizona in 2009.

Local First Arizona retained Applied Economics to perform an economic benefit analysis of the operations of CopperPoint on the State of Arizona. Read the study online or download a PDF here.

The findings of this analysis show that locally owned companies with a vested interest in the community in fact do create a greater economic impact, indirectly supporting more jobs, payroll and output locally. They also create a greater revenue impact in that more of the taxes they pay, and their employees pay, stay in Arizona.

View the full CopperPoint Case Study page.

Procurement Matters

Procurement Matters

The Economic Impact
Of Local Suppliers

Local firm generates nearly three times the economic impact:

Read the study online or download a PDF here.

A Civic Economics study commissioned by Local First Arizona reveals that public procurement from a local supplier generates "dramatically greater local economic activity" than procurement from a chain business. This study compared the local economic impact of Wist Office Products, a local supplier and LFA member, with Office Max Contract, a division of Office Max, after the state of Arizona dropped Wist from its stable of office suppliers.

View the full Procurement Matters page.

More economic studies on the Buy Local and Ten Percent Shift movements

Thinking Outside the Box: A Report on Independent Merchants and the New Orleans Economy

The Urban Conservancy in partnership with Civic Economics: A 2009 study in New Orleans finds that shifting 10% of spending from chains to locally-owned businesses would create hundreds of new jobs and have the equivalent of injecting $60 Million annually in the form of recirculating currency.

San Francisco Retail Diversity Study

SFLOMA & Civic Economics: A 2007 study in San Francisco analyzes the market share of several categories to find out what percentage is held by chains or locally-owned businesses. It then calculates that if 10% of spending were shifted from chains to locals it would increase economic output by almost $192 Million, create almost 1300 new jobs, provide almost $72 Million in new income for workers, and create over $15 Million in additional retail activity.

Economic Impact Study

Civic Economics: A 2002 study in Austin found that for every $100 spent at a chain bookstore, the economic impact was $13, whereas when spent with a local bookstore the economic impact was $45. It also shows that local merchants spend a much larger portion of total revenue on local labor to run the enterprise and sell the merchandise, keep their modest profits in the local economy, and provide strong support for local artists and authors, creating further local economic impact.

Time to Switch Drugstores?

Consumer Reports: 32,000 Consumer Report readers were surveyed about their drugstores and pharmacies. Published in 2003, the findings showed that more than 85% of customers at independent drugstores were very satisfied or completely satisfied with the experience, with only a 58% approval for chain drugstores. Also the highest prescription prices were found at the national chains.

The Anchor Mission: Leveraging the Power of Anchor Institutions to Build Community Wealth
The Democracy Collaborative at the University of Maryland: This report from The Democracy Collaborative and the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT focuses on the path-breaking Vision 2010 Program implemented in Cleveland and Northeast Ohio by University Hospitals System. Over a five year period, the initiative targeted more than $1 billion of procurement locally to create jobs, empower minority- and female-owned businesses, and create a “new normal” for responsible, community-focused business practices in the region.

The Economic Impact of Locally Owned Businesses vs. Chains: A Case Study in Midcoast Maine

Institute for Local Self-Reliance and Friends of Midcoast Maine: A 2003 study in Maine found that when residents of the Midcoast region spend $100 at a big box retailer, their purchase generates $14 in local spending by the retailer. That same $100 spent at a locally owned business generates $45 in local spending, or three times as much. Dollars spent at a local retailer support not only that store, but a variety of other local businesses, including local banks, accountants, printers, and internet service providers.

Fiscal Impact Analysis

Tischler & Associates, Inc.: This 2002 study in Massachusetts finds that big box retail, shopping centers, and fast food restaurants cost taxpayers in Barnstable more than they make in revenue, where gains were made by specialty retail (including small businesses).

10 Reasons Why Vermont's Homegrown Economy Matters: And 50 Proven Ways to Revive It

Stacy Mitchell (New Rules Project) & the Preservation Trust of Vermont: This 60 page publication by Stacy Mitchell of the New Rules Project details the importance of local business and points out the importance of community engagement to create downtown revitalizations, sustainable planning policies, and curbing urban sprawl.

Report on Independent Business Impact

Santa Fe Independent Business & Community Alliance and Angelou Economics: A 2003 Santa Fe study shows how national chains in that city are growing at a rapid rate, resulting in a large outflow of money from the local economy. It details how impact of dollars spent at independent businesses deliver two times the economic impact of spending at national chains.

Independent Retailers Outperform Chains Over Holidays, National Survey Finds

January 2009 by Stacy Mitchell: A survey finds that independent retailers, especially those in communities with "Buy Local" campaigns, showed stronger numbers throughout the holidays than did national chains.

eLocal's Why Buy Local infographic

Why Buy Local?
We all make our own choices on whether to buy our goods and services from local businesses or national chains. Sometimes all we see is the price tag in front of us, but there is a lot more at stake. This infographic shows the big picture, literally! View the full-size version on their site or on our site.

Study Shows 58% of Local Citizens Are "Thinking Local First" More Often

Sustainable Connections, survey by Applied Research Northwest: A 2006 study shows that 58% of Bellingham, WA citizens are aware of their Local First program and as a result are changing their purchasing habits. "These results are phenomenal. Normally, if 1 in 5 households claim familiarity with your program, and change their behavior because of it you would consider it a success. To have nearly 3 in 5 households attributing a behavior change to this program shows an amazing impact." Dr. Pamela Jull, lead researcher.

Andersonville Study of Retail Economics

Civic Economics: A 2004 study (an extension of the Economic Impact study in Austin, 2002) compares the economic impact of ten Andersonville businesses and their chain competitors and finds that for every $100 in consumer spending with a local firm, $68 remains in the Chicago economy whereas for every $100 in consumer spending with a chain firm, $43 remains in the Chicago economy. The study also states that great care must be taken to ensure that public policy decisions do not inadvertently disadvantage locally owned businesses. Indeed, it may be in the best interests of communities to institute policies that directly protect them.

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